From Model to View through a Spring Controller

Another improvement to our little Spittr Spring Web App. We'll fake a JDBC model, create a controller that would get some data from it and pass it to the view, a JSP page that uses EL to access the attribute.

In the end we want to display to the user a very simple web page like this one:
enter in the details of the JSP page, you can find it in my GitHub repository, I just mention the fact that the controller puts a list of Spittles in an attribute named spittleList, and the page reads it by EL looping through a core forEach JSTL tag.

The data is moved around in a POJO, spittr.Spittle, that contains the data identifying a spittle. There is not much to say about it, besides it has its own equals() and hashCode() implementation, that are respectively based on the equals() and hash() methods from the utility class Objects:
// ...

public class Spittle {
    private final Long id;
    private final String message;
    private final LocalDateTime time;
    private Double latitude;
    private Double longitude;

 // ...

    final public boolean equals(Object that) {  // 1
        if(this == that) {
            return true;
        if (!(that instanceof Spittle))
            return false;

        Spittle other = (Spittle) that;
        return == && Objects.equals(this.time, other.time);  // 2

    public int hashCode() {
        return Objects.hash(id, time);  // 3
1. I do not expect the class Spittle to be extended. In case a subclass would be created, it's implementation won't modify the assumption that two spittles are considered equals if they have same id and creation timestamp, as stated in this equals() method. To enforce it, I mark it as final.
2. Using Objects.equals() saves me from the nuisance of checking the time component against null, keeping the code more readable.
3. Since id and time define Spittle equality, it makes sense using them to determine the hash code.

I have written a test case to ensure the Spittle class works as I expected. There is nothing very interesting in it and, as usual, you can look it on GitHub.

The model will be based on the interface
public interface SpittleRepository {
    List<Spittle> findRecentSpittles();

    List<Spittle> findSpittles(long max, int count);

    Spittle findOne(long id);

    void save(Spittle spittle);
The idea is creating a JDBC repository, for the moment I have faked it. Here is its findSpittles() method:
public class JdbcSpittleRepository implements SpittleRepository {
    // ...
    public List<Spittle> findSpittles(long max, int count) {
        List<Spittle> result = new ArrayList<>();
        for (long i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            result.add(new Spittle(i, "Message " + i,, 1.0 * i, 2.0 * i));

        return result;
    // ...
The repository interface is used in the SpittleController to find spittles an put them as attribute to be consumed by the view.
public class SpittleController {
    private SpittleRepository spittleRepository;

    public SpittleController(SpittleRepository spittleRepository) {
        this.spittleRepository = spittleRepository;

    @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String spittles(Model model) {
        model.addAttribute("spittleList", spittleRepository.findSpittles(Long.MAX_VALUE, 20));
        return "spittles";
I use the concrete repository to see what happens when the app actually runs on my tomcat server, however, the real testing is performed on the interface, using the mocking features included in Spring integrated to the mockito framework. For this reason I added this dependence to the application POM.
I also have to tell Spring where the repository is. For this reason I created a new configuration class, DataConfig, that simply returns the JdbcSpittleRepository as a bean. This configuration class is called by the already existing RootConfig, by importing it.
public class RootConfig {
The web app works fine both running it "by hand" and through the mock test. So I pushed the code on GitHub.

Reference: Passing model data to the view, from Spring in Action, Fourth Edition by Craig Walls. Chapter five, section 2.3.

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